Posted: 06 Apr 2012 11:39 AM PDT
How many ebooks does your marketing team have in its content arsenal? With the rise of tablet and e-reader popularity, ebooks are only growing in popularity. According to a newly released report by Pew Internet, in mid-December 2011, 17% of American adults had reported they read an ebook in the previous year; by February, 2012, the share increased to 21%. While we've always considered ebooks to be one of the best lead-gen content assets at a marketer's disposal, the fact that on-the-go content is only carving out more of a place in today's increasingly mobile world makes them an even smarter choice as a marketing offer.
As a piece of long-form content, a lot of work must go into the creation of a well-crafted ebook. So today, let's focus on design. How do you design an ebook that is reader-friendly, engaging, and at the same time supports your marketing goals? Let's discuss the 11 essential elements that make up an effective marketing ebook design.
Importance of a Brand Style Guide
First, a note about the role design should play in your content strategy. If ebook creation is (or you plan it to be) a big part of your content strategy, it's wise to first spend some time establishing a consistent brand style guide to which all your marketing content -- not just your ebooks, but also your presentations and other marketing collateral -- adheres. This will give your publications a more professional, branded look which translates to a sense of credibility. Of course, the content itself is a huge contributing factor to the credibility and value of a publication, but even if you have quality content down pat, that doesn't mean people still won't judge an ebook by its cover ;)
If you take a look at the ebooks HubSpot has launched in the past 6 months, for example, you'll notice that they all have very consistent branding and design elements throughout. When you sit down with your marketing team and designer to decide on your brand style guide, establish rules for such design elements as fonts/sizes, color schemes, charts/graphs, borders for screenshots and images, headers, etc. Creating easy-to-follow guides and templates for your various marketing assets like ebooks, presentations, etc. will make it easy for you and your team to implement a consistent branding style throughout your marketing collateral. HubSpot, for example, has an ebook template created in InDesign to ensure our ebooks have a consistent look no matter who created them.
Now let's dive into the 11 essential design elements you should consider in your next ebook design.
11 Essential Elements of Effective Ebook Design
1) An Interesting, Descriptive Title
Okay, so your title choice may not exactly be a design element, but choosing a title for any piece of content is definitely an art, and it shouldn't be overlooked. The title is often the first thing someone judges before deciding whether to click on or read your ebook, especially when the content gets shared in social media. Choose a title that is both interesting and descriptive -- that is, it should be indicative of what the reader will learn from reading the ebook.
Unlike blog posts, ebooks are high-commitment pieces of content because of their length, so you need to make sure you're demonstrating the value up front in a compelling way. For instance, one HubSpot ebook is titled 15 Business Blogging Mistakes & Easy Fixes with the subtitle, "How to Fix the Most Common Blogging Bloopers." The main title is both descriptive and demonstrates value in itself, but the subtitle also makes it sound like an even more interesting read.
2) A Visual Cover
So if we know that people will most definitely be judging your ebooks by their cover, you'll want to make sure you create ones that are both visually appealing and coincide with your brand style guide. Consider how the visual revolution is playing out with sites like Pinterest cropping up and other social networks like Facebook and Google+ putting more of an emphasis on visual content, and the importance of enticing covers becomes even more evident. Make the title easy to read, include branding elements you decided on in your brand style guide, and feature an image. You'll notice that HubSpot's ebook covers, for example, follow the same layout and structure while each featuring a different relevant an interesting image.
3) Skill/Topic/Persona Tags
Depending on your business and industry, you likely have a different buyer personas, whether you segment your target audience by demographics, skill level, topic interest, or something else. So if part of your strategy is to create content that is personalized for or targeted to these different audience segments, one helpful way to organize and differentiate between your content assets is through a tagging system. Incorporate your schema in your ebook design so your readers know which particular ebooks will be of interest to them, and which ebooks won't. You can do this in a number of ways -- through iconography, color schemes, or tags.
HubSpot's ebooks, for instance, are categorized by skill level -- introductory, intermediate, or advanced -- depending on the skill level of our readers. To identify which is which, we use a combination of color scheme and a category key to denote which ebooks are targeted for which skill level. If an ebook is intermediate level like our example here, the cover and color scheme throughout the book uses blue as the dominant color, and a page in the beginning of the book explains which type of audience would benefit from each skill level. Introductory content uses a charcoal color scheme, and advanced content uses an orange color scheme. We've also extended this tagging system to our blog. You'll notice this particular blog post, for example, has also been tagged as 'intermediate.'
4) An Author Page
Another design element you might want to include in your ebooks is an author page, particularly if you have multiple members of your team creating ebooks. For example, if the author of the ebook is an expert on that topic, an author page that highlights the author's bio and relevancy to the topic is a great way to add credibility to the content. On your author page, include a brief bio of the author, a headshot, and if you choose to, a way for readers to get in touch with the author if they have questions, such as an email address, Twitter username, or phone number.
As an added internal benefit, you might find that members of your team are more willing to spend time creating ebook content if they know their efforts will be recognized publicly through an author page.
5) A Table of Contents
A staple for any book, both print or digital, be sure to include a table of contents in every ebook you publish. This not only gives readers a sense of how the ebook is organized, but it also makes it easy for them to reference individual chapters if they decide only certain ones are relevant to them or if they want to refer back to specific sections later. To make this even more user-friendly for your readers, some programs like InDesign make it possible for you to hyperlink chapters/sections, creating a sort of interactive table of contents and allowing readers to jump to a certain section of the ebook when they click on the corresponding link in the table of contents.
6) Chapter Title Pages
Clearly distinguish one chapter to the next with chapter title pages. This gives readers a clear indication of their progress through the book and helps set the stage for the section they are about to read. It can also serve as a landing page for that interactive table of contents you may have set up in number 5. In our business blogging mistakes ebooks example, for instance, we organized the chapters by the 15 mistakes we highlight, and our chapter pages highlight which mistake the reader is going to learn about next.
7) Social Sharing Buttons
We've talked before about the importance of including social sharing buttons on your marketing content. Sure, the landing page behind which you gate your ebook is a great place for these buttons, but why not also stamp them onto the pages of your ebooks as well? It makes sense, right? A potential reader might not feel comfortable sharing your ebook before they've read it and know they like the content, but while they're reading it? That's a different story.
Add these buttons to each page of your ebook -- either in the header or the footer -- so readers can easily share the book with their social networks no matter how far through it they've read. Just be sure you're sharing links to the ebook's landing page -- not thank-you page -- if it's gated content. HubSpot's ebooks, for example, include social sharing buttons for LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter on each page. For help in creating these social media buttons for your ebooks, check out this handy guide.
8) Visual Elements
There's nothing more overwhelming to a reader than big chunks of copy followed by large blocks of text. Whoa there -- character overload! Going overboard with text density in an ebook can be a very big deterrent to a reader, especially when they're reading on a screen.
Break up your "big chunks of copy" and "large blocks of text" with visual elements to emphasize or explain certain points more visually. We're talking anything from headers, bolded text, and bullet points to screenshots, images, charts, and graphs. Furthermore, leverage content visualizations when appropriate to help you explain concepts that are difficult to explain through text and lend themselves to more visual explanations, as we did in this blog post, which is actually an ebook excerpt! Just be sure to keep your visuals in line with your brand style guide, translating images, graphs, and charts to conform to your guidelines in terms of style and color scheme.
9) Product/Service Call-Outs
While ebooks can be catered to achieve certain goals, the way most marketers use ebooks is to generate new leads at the top of the funnel. To achieve this goal, your ebook content should be majorly educational -- not product focused -- in nature. But does that mean you can't or shouldn't sneak in a few mentions of your product or service into them when appropriate? Absolutely not! In fact, when people are just starting to learn about your business in the awareness stage of the sales cycle, they probably know very little about the products and services you offer.
Use educational ebooks as an opportunity to connect your thought leadership with product awareness. One way to do this in your ebook content is with subtle product mentions and call-outs when you mention a problem or need in your ebook that your products or services address. How much of these should you include? The key here is balance. Make sure the educational value of the ebook makes up for your product awareness plugs. For example, in HubSpot's educational ebook How to Attract Customers With Twitter, we add to the section of the ebook that discusses scheduling tweets and monitoring responses by calling to attention to the social media publishing tool available in HubSpot's software, our paid offering. This lets readers with little or no knowledge of HubSpot's software connect HubSpot's thought leadership and expertise with its paid software.
While your ebook is a digital publication, you'll likely be offering it as a downloadable file such as a PDF, and despite what you might think, many of the people who download will actually prefer to print it out and read it on paper rather than on a screen. For this reason, it's important to make sure your ebooks are printer-friendly. For example, avoid designs that leverage double-page, horizontal layouts that don't translate well to print. The best way to know if your design is printer-friendly? Print it yourself!
Furthermore, you'll also want to make sure your ebook file is mobile-friendly. Does your ebook PDF view well on a smartphone and various e-readers/tablets? Test it out!
If you're considering making your ebook available for sale through ebook marketplaces like the Kindle Store, things get a little bit more complicated. You'll need to conform to the specific ebook format of that particular store, and you'll likely need to make changes to the style, design, and file of your ebook. In general, you'll need to modify your ebook to embody a very simple design with few visuals and limited formatting. Publishing services like Lulu.com can make this process more easily manageable.
11) A Final Call-to-Action
The last critical element that should be a part of your ebook design is -- you guessed it -- a final call-to-action! After a reader has completed the ebook, what action do you want them to take next? Tell them!
Perhaps you'd like to encourage them to move from the awareness stage of the sales cycle onto the evaluation stage of the sales cycle. In this case, feature a call-to-action for a middle-of-the-funnel stage offer on the last page of your ebook, introducing it to the reader in a way that is relevant and logical. In our 15 Business Blogging Mistakes ebook, for instance, we encourage readers to start a free 30-day trial of HubSpot's software, relating it to the content of the ebook by emphasizing that readers will be able to try out HubSpot's business blogging tools to help them fix the blogging mistakes they learned they are guilty of making.
Do your ebooks have a consistent design that reflects your business' branding? What other design elements would you add?
Image Credit: Jonah Larsson
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Posted: 06 Apr 2012 06:00 AM PDT
The Internet superhighway can be particularly cruel to ecommerce marketers, what with more than 50% of all shopping carts abandoned prior to purchase according to Marketing Experiments. It's no accident that the most successful ecommerce companies take a strategic, calculated approach to their product pages and shopping cart usability. Simple, oft-overlooked tweaks can yield dramatic results.
Consider a product page’s load time, for example. Amazon calculated that one additional second of load time on their product pages would cost them $1.6 billion in annual sales. Yikes.
From the add to cart button to recommendation engines and product images, ecommerce marketers have plenty of opportunities to optimize shopping cart conversion rates. Here are crucial changes you should make to your website to prevent shopping cart abandonment and enjoy better conversion rates.
1) Show Visitors Exactly Where They are ... and Where They can Go
Clear site navigation is not only crucial for search engine optimization -- users who land on a product page need to know exactly where they are within the site architecture. Make it easy for them to browse other categories with breadcrumbs on every page. If you're not familiar with the term, breadcrumbs refers to a component of your site navigation that lets users see where they are and where they have been. Let's take a look at Zappos for an example:
See that orange callout in the top left corner? Those are breadcrumbs! So even if someone lands on this page directly from a search engine, he or she can easily digest what other options are available: other shoe types, other types of boat shoes, other shoe brands. The hierarchy is crystal clear, which means the user experience is swift and painless.
2) Make it Unbelievably Easy to be Contacted
I know you're an ecommerce marketer, but some people are just more comfortable using the phone. If not to place an order, then to assess the professionalism of a company, to ask product questions, or to give feedback. Give these people an opportunity to talk to you in their preferred method by placing your phone number on every page of your ecommerce website. In fact, an A/B test from LessEverything showed that simply placing a phone number more prominently on the website generated a 1.8% increase in overall site visitors to paying customers. That's an easy change to make that leads to money right in your pocket.
3) Follow Product Page Best Practices
Design your product pages to be as simple and striking as possible so they pass the blink test -- the commonly accepted three seconds you have to orient a new visitor to your website so they don't get overwhelmed, causing them to click their browser's back button.
Since the average visitor's attention span is so short, stick to a product page outline that is clear and effective. You can do this by displaying the checkout or add to cart button near large, high-quality images and away from cluttered text like user-generated reviews or comments. Use no more than three columns, and limit the amount of distractions around the page.
AHAlife does an excellent job of simplifying their product pages to increase shopping cart conversion rates. Their product page layout is two columns, the product is featured more prominently than any page copy, and the eye is drawn to both the large image area and the buy now button.
4) Include User Reviews and Unique Content
Many ecommerce product pages include hackneyed, generic product descriptions -- I get it, it's much easier to just plop in the manufacturer's description. But doing so not only subjects your website to duplicate content penalties that harm your SEO, but it does nothing to convince your shoppers of your product's value. In fact, a study from CompUSA and iPerceptions showed 63% of consumers are more likely to purchase from a site if it has product ratings and reviews.
Write unique, compelling product descriptions, and encourage user reviews so your website can reap the SEO benefits and appeal to buyers who may be on the fence. One company who always does it right is ModCloth -- take a look below for an example. This product alone has generated over 234 user reviews which are displayed right on the product page. And if you've ever read their product names and product descriptions -- browse through "The Story" behind "Ignite the Night Dress" -- you know they have a sense of humor in their copy that appeals to their core demographic.
5) Offer a Secondary Call-to-Action for Non-Buying Visitors
The sooner you embrace the notion that not everyone on your ecommerce product page is ready to buy, the better. To capture the attention of non-transactional leads, use a secondary call-to-action that offers value. Of course, make sure this button does not cannibalize your primary add to cart button. Let's take a look at a company that's doing this right, ecommerce vintage eyewear company Warby Parker.
They take advantage of non-buying users with a secondary 'Home Try-On' button. This is a great secondary call-to-action because it helps move the visitors who aren't ready to buy further along the sales cycle with an offer that's less of a high commitment -- plus they offer a virtual try-on that might save some visitors from abandoning as they wait to try on their glasses at home.
6) Take Your Add to Cart Button More Seriously
The add to cart button is undoubtedly the most important element of the product page and sadly, it is often the most overlooked. Give your product page's primary call-to-action the attention that it deserves. Use direct language like "add to basket" and large, bold font. Some marketers are inclined to make their button blend in with the rest of their site skin, too; but remember that you want the button to stand out from the color scheme of the rest of your product page. Finally, embrace negative space around the button, and make it the largest clickable button on your product page. HubSpot customer Goodbye Crutches has designed bright, bold buy now buttons that draws visitors' eyes with its contrasting colors and clear language.
7) Showcase Your Products With More Oomph
Oomph being a marketing term, obviously. The age of static imagery is over. Great ecommerce marketing now leverages technology to simulate a shopping experience as close to real life as possible. Showcase your product with large, high-quality imagery, and offer elements like dynamic zooming, different angles and color variations.
By implementing a 360-degree spin to their product images, DueMaternity increased their conversion rate 27% compared to standard two-dimensional images. Golfsmith found similar results when adding 360-spin functionality, bumping up conversion rates as high as 40%. And for a company that does this particularly well, check out customizable jewelry retailer Gemvara. This particular product has eight different views, with an additional 25-second video.
8) Use a Recommendation Engine to Increase Product Cross-Selling
Popularized by companies like Amazon and Netflix, a recommendation engine promotes the up-selling and cross-selling of ecommerce products.
Most recommendation algorithms utilize the user's history and profile to drive recommendations, but this logic can be difficult to build on your own. A simpler approach would be to take a look at your analytics, marry that up with your own product knowledge, and create your own logic for each of your product pages.
Search Engine Land worked with a company that saw the following changes after implementing an ecommerce recommendation engine:
What do you do to improve your ecommerce shopping cart conversion rates?
Image credit: schuss
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